DBT is the gold standard of treatment for self harm behaviors (i.e., cutting, etc.), suicidal ideation, emotion dysregulation, and Borderline Personality Disorders. It can also be helpful in treating eating disorders, substance abuse, anxiety, depression, and Bi-Polar disorder.
DBT combines cognitive and behavioral therapy, including methodologies from various practices including Eastern mindfulness techniques.
In group therapy an individual will be taught specific skills, which will be reinforced in individual therapy. DBT skills include:
- Mindfulness: Learning effective ways to focus and attend.
- Distress Tolerance: How to get through a crisis ( including pain and suffering).
- Emotion Regulation: How to increase positive emotions and decrease negative emotions.
- Interpersonal Effectiveness: How to effectively communicate needs/wants, maintain and keep relationships.
- Walking the Middle Path: Learn about typical adolescent behaviors, validating family members, and how to change behavior in oneself and others.
Phone coaching is also included in DBT. An individual may call their therapist as needed, when he/she needs assistance in generalizing skills learned in group and invididual therapy.